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Plants, Animals and Birds of Nepal

Photos and Descriptions of selected plants, animals and birds of Nepal,
which can also be described as the Natural Assets of Nepal.

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Plants of Nepal

Rhododendron flower

  • Rhododendron blooms during the springs (Mar to May) in Higher elevation
  • Rhododendron's Nepali Name is Lali Guranse or just Guranse in short
  • Rhododendron is the National Flower of Nepal adding beauty to the Himalayas of Nepal
  • Over 30 species are found in Nepal


  • What is orchids? Orchids are flowering plants having the most diverse and species than any other plants. There are about 25000 species of orchids in the world
  • 319 species of orchids are found in Nepal
flora photo

  • Nepal has more than 6000 species of plants
  • About 245 species of plants are only found in Nepal
  • In Nepal, a total of 118 ecosystem, 75 vegetation and 35 forest types have been identified so far.
  • Nepal is well known for its forests which attract biologists and geologists for research and study
a sample of plants and herbs

Cordyceps sinensis

Other Major Herbs and Medicinal Plants found in Nepal:
  • Aconitum Spp
  • Picrorrhiza scrophularaeflora
  • Swertia multicaulis
  • Rheum emodi
  • Nardostachys jatamansi
  • Ephedra gerardiana
Most rural people in Nepal depend on natural medicines, knowledge of their use is passed on from one generation to the next.

Banyan Tree
  • Banyan tree is the national tree of India - Nepal's next door neighbor.
  • Many common sitting grounds known as Chautaris (Meaning of Chautari)are made at the foot of This tree. The other famous trees for Chautaris are the Peepul trees.
  • Paste made of Roots of Banyan trees is said to condition hair and skin.
  • "Banyan tree is the Embodiment of Laxmi" - According to Hinduism
a sample of plants and herbs

Peepul Tree
  • Peepul is worshiped as a trinity of the almighty Hindu Lords Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma
  • "Lord Buddha meditated and received enlightenment in 483 BC under a Peepul Tree" - According to Buddhism
  • Peepul tree are part of many hindu temples.
  • Leaves are used in Hindu religious procession such as doing a Puja
  • Peepul Tree can be found all over Nepal.


One Horned Rhino
we miss you

  • One Horned Rhino are abundant in Nepal - their famous place to live on the Earth!
  • They are 5 to 6 feet tall, males slightly larger then females, and they weigh upto 6000 pounds (2700 kg)
  • They are the only mammal on the planet with a horn on it's nose!
  • Rhino is one of the endangered species. Humans continue to kill Rhino for smuggling its horn which is said to have medicinal values.

Bengal Tigers
  • Bengal Tigers love Nepal land - more than 80% of the population live in Nepal.
  • Bengal Tigers are one of the most endangered species, today they can be found in less than 15 countries.
  • Less than 5000 Bengal tigers are surviving on the planet. (Source : WWF Nepal, 2006)
  • The image on the right is an illustration of a paw of a bengal tiger - a remarkable and lovely image for animal lovers.
Cow Animal

  • Cow is a sacred animal, also the national animal of Nepal
  • Cows are worshiped special during festivals such as Tihar
  • Cow's dung and Urine are used during Puja (Act of honoring, respecting or worshiping Gods)
  • Killing or Eating Cow Meat is a Felony in Nepal



Daphne or Lophophorus
  • The Daphne is the national bird of Nepal
  • These exotic of all pheasants are the inhabitants of high elevation of the Himalayan range
  • Over 850 species of birds have been recorded in Nepal
  • When they dance, they stretch their wings and tail feathers showing their glorious colors
  • Daphne is also called as Monal, which is more commonly used by the people who see them the most - the mountainous people of the country

Useful Resources

  • - About endangered species from the most active Wild Life Organization of the planet - WWF
  • a nice site with detailed information on the plants in the country
  • About Bio diversity of Nepal from the Nepal Government Website
  • External links open in a new window / tab, and we are not responsible for external contents

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